ANÁLISIS DE LOS INSTRUMENTOS DE DISEÑO APORTADOS POR LEONARDO DA VINCI EN SU OBRA CIENTÍFICA Y TÉCNICA.
Cerveró Meliá, Ernesto
Ferrer Gisbert, Pablo S.
Capuz Rizo, Salvador
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The project theorists emphasize the importance of the instruments and tools applicable to it, so the so-called systemic ones such as Hubka and Eder in their "Theory of Technical Systems" specify the need of knowing the Instruments useful to design, while the non-systemic, such as Gómez-Senent in his Theory of Project Dimensions, stablish the Operational Instruments as a fundamental dimension of the Project/Design. How did Leonardo contribute to the area of design tools and instruments? From the improvement of the adjustable aperture compass, to the creation of a parabolic compass as the first generation of the ellipsographs. The improvement of the perspectograph, known as the "Leonardo Window", used as a "machine" to draw from a perspective. Its odometer, used as a meter of long distances, which improves by far the one invented by Heron of Alexandria, or his Dark camera, not only as a study of optics, but to be used as a means of tracing an image with a pencil. The article aims to relate the advances that Leonardo brings as instruments linked to the world of design/project, discerning those who were creator, those that improve and those he recovered from antiquity.
- CIDIP 2017 (Cádiz)